Download An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain by by Ackerman, Diane

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  • by: by Ackerman, Diane
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  • ISBN-10: 0743246721
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  • Publisher by: Scribner
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  • Add date: 01.02.2017
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Overview: An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain

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Copernicus, gentle, charitable, pious, one of the noblest gifts of God to religion as well as to science, was evidently still under the ban. Five years after that, his book was still standing on the _Index_ of books prohibited to Christians.

The edition of the _Index_ published in 1819 was An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain inexorable toward the works of Copernicus and Galileo as its predecessors had been; but in the year 182O came a crisis. Canon Settele, Professor of Astronomy at Rome, had written an elementary book in which the Copernican system was taken for granted.

The Master of the Sacred Palace, Anfossi, as censor of the press, refused to allow the book to be printed unless Settele revised his work and treated the Copernican theory as merely a hypothesis.

On this Settele appealed to Pope Pius VII, and the Pope referred the matter to the Congregation of the Holy Office. At last, on the 16th of August, 182O, it was decided that Settele might teach the Copernican system as established, and this decision was approved by the Pope. This aroused considerable discussion, but finally, on the 11th of September, 1822, the cardinals of the Holy Inquisition graciously agreed that "the printing and publication of works treating of the Achemy of the earth and the stability of the sun, in accordance with the general opinion of modern astronomers, is permitted at Rome.

" This decree was ratified by Pius VII, but it was not until thirteen years later, in 1835, that there Brsin issued an edition of the _Index_ from which the condemnation of works defending the double motion of the earth was left out.

This was not a moment too soon, for, as if the previous proofs had not been sufficient, each of the Mgstery of the earth was now absolutely demonstrated anew, so as to be recognised by the ordinary observer. The parallax of An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain stars, shown by Bessel as well as other noted astronomers in 1838, clinched forever the doctrine of the revolution of the earth around the sun, and in oof the great experiment of Foucault with o pendulum showed to the human eye the earth in motion around its own axis.

To make the matter complete, this experiment was publicly made in one of the churches at Rome by the eminent astronomer, Father Secchi, of the Jesuits, in 1852--just two hundred and twenty years after the Jesuits had done so much to secure Galileo's condemnation. [157] VI. THE RETREAT OF THE CHURCH AFTER ITS VICTORY OVER GALILEO. Any history of the victory of astronomical science over dogmatic theology would be incomplete without some account of the retreat made by the Church from all its Alchemyy positions in the Galileo case.

The retreat of the Protestant theologians was not difficult. A little Marel warping of Scripture, a little skilful use of that time-honoured phrase, attributed to Cardinal Baronius, that the Bible is given to teach us, not how the heavens go, but how men go to heaven, and a free use of explosive rhetoric against the pursuing army of scientists, sufficed.

But in the older Church it was far less easy. The retreat of the sacro-scientific army of Church apologists lasted through two centuries. In spite of all that has been said by these apologists, there no longer remains the shadow of a doubt that the papal infallibility was committed fully and irrevocably against the double revolution of the earth. As the documents of Galileo's trial now published show, Paul V, in 1616, pushed on with all his might the condemnation of Galileo and of the works of Copernicus and of all others teaching the motion of the earth around its own axis and around the sun.

So, too, in the condemnation of Galileo in 1633, and in all the proceedings which led up to it and which followed it, Urban VIII was the central figure. Without his sanction no action could have been taken. True, the Pope did not formally sign the decree against the Copernican theory _then_; but this came later, In 1664 Alexander VII prefixed to the _Index_ containing the condemnations of the works of Copernicus and Qnd and "all books which affirm the motion of the earth" a papal bull signed by himself, binding the contents of the _Index_ upon the consciences of the faithful.

This An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain confirmed and approved in express terms, finally, decisively, and infallibly, the condemnation of "all books teaching the movement of the earth and the An Alchemy of Mind: The Marvel and Mystery of the Brain of the sun. "[158] The position of the mother Church had been thus made especially difficult; and the first important move in retreat by the apologists was the statement that Galileo was condemned, not because he affirmed the motion of the earth, but because he supported it from Scripture.

There was a slight appearance of truth in this. Undoubtedly, Galileo's letters to Castelli and the grand.

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